Ap bio molecular genetics essay

The arrows indicate reaction sites for two restriction enzymes enzyme X and enzyme Y. Describe the production and processing of a protein that will be exported from a eukaryotic cell.

AP essay questions

Bacterial resistance to antibodies. Explain how a mutation could cause this inability to digest starch. Blood groups and genetic drift. After four generations, the following results were obtained.

Explain why each of these features is necessary. State the conclusions reached by Mendel in his work on the inheritance of characteristics. The mechanism of action of restriction enzymes.

Discuss how recombinant DNA techniques may be used to correct a point mutation. Explain the evolutionary mechanisms that can change the composition of the gene pool. Indicate the conditions under which allelic frequencies p and q remain constant from one generation to the next.

This disorder occurs with equal frequency in males and females. Describe an example of how gene transfer and incorporation have been used in biomedical or commercial applications. Explain how each of the following deviates from these conclusions. A new population was created by crossing 51 pure breeding homozygous dominant individuals with 49 pure breeding homozygous individuals.

What would be the effect of a deletion or an addition in one of the DNA nucleotides? Describe the process of speciation.

AP Biology

Describe the results you would expect from the electrophoresis separation of fragments from the following treatments of the Ap bio molecular genetics essay segment above.

This trait is determined by a single autosomal gene and is expressed as two phenotypes. Describe the most probable pattern of inheritance for this condition. Describe the special relationship between the two terms in each of the following pairs. Describe how modern techniques of molecular biology could be used to determine whether the mutant allele is present in a given individual.

Labeled diagrams that are explained in your answer may be useful. Explain how these alleles are distributed by the process of meiosis to gametes. Describe the operon hypothesis and discuss how it explains the control of messenger RNA production and the regulation of protein synthesis in bacterial cells.

Describe how you could determine whether the gene was successfully incorporated. Select one of the criteria stated above and describe experimental evidence used to determine that DNA is the hereditary material.

Include in your discussion the factors that may contribute to the maintenance of genetic isolation. Describe the modern theory of evolution and discuss how it is supported by evidence from two of the following areas. Explain how the events of meiosis I account for the observations that led Mendel to formulate these laws.

Assume that the digestions occurred under appropriate conditions and went to completion. Birds of prey and DDT. Describe a procedure by which this can be done.

Experiments by the following scientists provided critical information concerning DNA. In most cases, neither parent of affected offspring has the condition. Explain the purpose of each step of your procedure.

The different results you would expect if a mutation occurred at the recognition site for enzyme Y. What would be the effects of a substitution in one of the nucleotides?

By using the techniques of genetic engineering, scientists are able to modify genetic materials so that a particular gene of interest from one cell can be incorporated into a different cell. Describe how scientists use each of the following as evidence for evolution. Calculate, showing all work, the frequencies of the alleles and the frequencies of the genotypes in a population ofrabbits, of which 25, are white and 75, are agouti.AP Biology Course and Exam Description—June This is the core document for this course.

It clearly lays out the course content and describes the exam and the AP Program in general. AP essay questions AP Biology Essay Questions The following is a comprehensive list of essay questions that have been asked on past AP exams. AP Biology sample essays: Scientific Method Chemistry Cell Biology Energetics Molecular genetics Evolution Classification Animals Plants Ecology Homeostasis Essay Writing Tips: Each essay question is worth no more than 10 points.

Credit is given for an answer that contains: The activities of organisms change at regular time intervals. Questions 3–8 are short free-response questions that require about 6 minutes each to answer.

Questions 3–5 are worth 4 points each and questions 6–8 are worth 3. Molecular Genetics · Evolutionary Genetics There is a page for each chapter with questions on it—some multiple choice, some have T/F, and most have one free response question. AP BIOLOGY EXAM ESSAY (FREE RESPONSE) QUESTIONS.

General directions: Answers must be in essay form. Labeled diagrams may be used to supplement discussion, but in no case will a .

Ap bio molecular genetics essay
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